WINNING CONDITIONS FOR APPRENTICESHIP
successful and/or did not use ApprenticeSearch.com. Thus, it is not possible to determine if the attitudes and opinions expressed are unique to successful applicants or employers using ApprenticeSearch.com. In addition, while interviewers attempted to find a representative cross-section of employers and successful applicants, there is no assurance that this group is representative of the larger pool of successful candidates and employers using ApprenticeSearch.com. Nonetheless, the purpose of the report is to develop a sense of the opportunities and constraints for apprenticeship success. The data and interviews go a long way to providing insights into the apprenticeship process and areas of research going forward.
Appendix B: apprentice demographic breakdown
As shown in Figure 13, apprentices are largely male and Canadian-born, with women and newcomers to Canada in far shorter supply.26 Further, the apprenticeship experience is a particularly youthful exercise, as indicated by the age distribution of successful applicants. This parallels the broader skilled trade sector. Since fewer years of postsecondary education are generally required, many in the skilled trades begin their careers at a relatively early age. Indeed, in 2007 the average age (40) of those employed in the trades Canada-wide was almost two years younger than for other occupations.27
Figure 13: Demographic Breakdown of Successful Applicants
- 26 This picture corresponds with concerns that challenges remain in engaging groups who have traditionally faced both motivational and systematic barriers in entering the skilled trades, particularly women and immigrants. Recent immigrants, for example, have been found to hold university degrees at a greater rate than their Canadian-born counterparts (Galarneau and Morissette 2004). Indeed, 51 percent of those arriving to Canada between 2001 and 2006 possessed a university degree, much higher than the 20 percent attainment rate for the Canadian-born population (Statistics Canada 2008a). Given that the educational requirements of jobs in trades are often linked to college degrees, one might expect fewer immigrants to be working in the trades. Additionally, immigrants face systematic barriers, including the recognition of foreign-based credentials, as well as work visas being delayed or denied (SOURCE).
- 27 Statistics Canada, “Skilled trades employment,” http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/75-001-x/2008110/article/10710-eng.htm#a2 (accessed May 2015).