successful and/or did not use Thus, it is not possible to determine if the attitudes and opinions expressed are unique to successful applicants or employers using In addition, while interviewers attempted to find a representative cross-section of employers and successful applicants, there is no assurance that this group is representative of the larger pool of successful candidates and employers using Nonetheless, the purpose of the report is to develop a sense of the opportunities and constraints for apprenticeship success. The data and interviews go a long way to providing insights into the apprenticeship process and areas of research going forward.

Appendix B: apprentice demographic breakdown

As shown in Figure 13, apprentices are largely male and Canadian-born, with women and newcomers to Canada in far shorter supply.26 Further, the apprenticeship experience is a particularly youthful exercise, as indicated by the age distribution of successful applicants. This parallels the broader skilled trade sector. Since fewer years of postsecondary education are generally required, many in the skilled trades begin their careers at a relatively early age. Indeed, in 2007 the average age (40) of those employed in the trades Canada-wide was almost two years younger than for other occupations.27

Figure 13: Demographic Breakdown of Successful Applicants